Open source code understands the characteristic of a product that can be freely distributed. This means that the license must not restrict the sale and distribution.
For the first time this definition appeared in the field of technology – so called open source software. The term was introduced in 1998 by the co-founders of the Open Source Initiative (which promotes open source software), hackers Eric Raymond and Bruce Perens. They wanted to replace the term free software (free software). In their opinion, it was not unambiguous.
The main value of open source software is that the product can be improved, modernized through user inventions.
Thus, the developers encouraged any initiative, advocated transparency and freedom of information, and believed that open source was extremely efficient.
Gradually, the values of movement became attractive to other areas as well. Professionals from different fields, be it online education, health care, Blockchain, architecture and design, put the code of their developments in the open access. Designers place free fonts and templates, programmers place codes of mobile applications, online games, programs for analytics, and scientists place their research.